What Is The Poincaré Conjecture?

colored shapeBefore we start, let me put something out there. Poincaré Conjecture is one of the seven millennium problems established by the Clay Mathematics Institute. Those problems are worth a million dollars each! The Poincaré conjecture depends on the mind-numbing problem of understanding the shapes of spaces. This field of study is referred to as “topology” by mathematicians. Topology is an important field within mathematics concerned with the study of shapes, spaces and surfaces. We interact with these in our everyday lives. We see surfaces breaking and shapes getting deformed all the time. Ever wondered if there is any law governing these deformations? Or are these deformations just too random to be studied? Does Poincaré Conjecture have any real world applications?   Continue reading

P vs NP: The Epic Saga

P vs NPP vs NP problem is one of the great unsolved problems in theoretical computer science. This problem has become broadly recognized in the mathematical community as a mathematical question because it is fundamental, important and beautiful. It is in fact one of the seven Millennium Prize Problems. If you solve this problem, you get $1 million and become really famous among mathematicians and computer scientists. If you are evil, then you can use your proof to become richer than God, then publish your proof, reject the prize money and become extremely well respected in the mathematics community! Wait a minute, really? How can I use this to become rich? Before we answer that, let’s see what exactly is the difficulty in solving the problem. Shall we?   Continue reading

Reimann Hypothesis And Its Connection To Cryptography

Over the centuries, mathematicians have been involved in solving some of most complex problems. But what is the motivation behind that? The pursuit of truth! But The Clay Mathematics Institute thought that there should be a little more than that. So to celebrate mathematics in the new millennium, they established seven Millennium Prize Problems. The prize money for each problem is one million dollars. That’s pretty exciting! These were some of the most difficult problems over which many mathematicians were racking their brains. Reimann Hypothesis is one of them. The interesting thing about this particular problem is that it has far reaching consequences in the field of modern cryptography and internet security. Now how can an obscure and complex mathematical problem affect cryptography and internet security?   Continue reading