Wavelet Analysis

Wavelets are actually a topic of pure mathematics. But over the last couple of decades, they have shown great promise and are now being adapted for a vast number of applications. They are used in image compression, molecular dynamics, seismology, physics, DNA analysis etc. One of the main advantages of wavelet analysis is the amount of information we can extract from a signal. Wavelet transforms are extensively used to analyze many different kinds of signals. So what exactly are these wavelets? Why is this method of analysis so powerful?   Continue reading “Wavelet Analysis”

Fourier Analysis

Most of the people in the tech field have already heard about Fourier analysis by now. Some of them love it, some of them hate it and the remaining few are just not sure what it is! Fourier analysis is one of the most fundamental tools in the field of engineering and technology. In fact, it is as fundamental as addition or multiplication. It is heavily used in signal processing, physics, speech analysis, image processing, cryptography and many more fields. Whenever people try to read and understand it, they are always hindered by all the mathematical equations. The actual explanation is drowned somewhere. Let’s see if we can fix that here.   Continue reading “Fourier Analysis”

Fingerprint Recognition

Fingerprint recognition was one of the first forms of biometric authentication techniques developed. Biometric authentication refers to the process of identifying humans by their natural traits. This can include fingerprints, face, voice, iris etc. When you want machines to authenticate a particular person, you choose a feature of that person which he cannot control. Fingerprints are still widely used in criminal investigations and in certain other domains where security is required. Have you ever wondered if fingerprints are distinct enough to be used to identify a person? How do they match fingerprints?   Continue reading “Fingerprint Recognition”

Understanding Camera Resolution

Cameras are being embedded everywhere. We find them on our phones, tablets, laptops and other types of gadgets as well. Digital cameras are getting sharper and smarter by the day. Some cameras capture good quality pictures while some cameras don’t. We frequently come across the camera specs which mention the ‘MP’ value of the camera. You understand the fact that a 12MP camera takes better pictures than a 5MP camera. Have you ever stopped to think what makes it better? More pixels means better pictures. Why exactly is that?   Continue reading “Understanding Camera Resolution”

Good Things Come In Small Packages

We encounter digital images everyday. We see a lot of JPEG files on our computers, cameras, phones and tablets. The actual images are huge and it should actually take up a lot of space to fit in all that data. But somehow our machines are able to compress all those images and store everything compactly. Ever wondered how it’s possible to fit so many images in such small space? How can the JPEG algorithm achieve so much reduction in size without visibly losing the image quality?   Continue reading “Good Things Come In Small Packages”